According to a recent study, introducing avocados as a substitute for carbohydrates can increase meal satisfaction as well as suppress hunger in obese individuals.
A team of researchers from the Illinois Institute of Technology analyzed the effects of replacing carbohydrates with avocados in the diets of individuals who are obese or overweight. 31 overweight and obese individuals participated in the randomized three-arm crossover clinical trial, and researchers evaluated the physiological effects of introducing avocados as a substitute for carbohydrates in the diets of the participants.
The findings showed that the dietary change brought down insulin and blood glucose levels, and reduced cardiovascular disease and diabetes risk because of the healthy fats and fibers in the daily diets of the participants. According to corresponding author of the study, Britt Burton-Freeman, Ph.D., director of the Center for Nutrition Research at Illinois Tech, "For years, fats have been targeted as the main cause of obesity, and now carbohydrates have come under scrutiny for their role in appetite regulation and weight control. There is no 'one size fits all' solution when it comes to optimal meal composition for managing appetite. However, understanding the relationship between food chemistry and its physiological effects in different populations can reveal opportunities for addressing appetite control and reducing rates of obesity, putting us a step closer to personalized dietary recommendations."
The researchers concluded that substituting carbohydrates with avocado led to major hunger reduction and increased meal satisfaction. This effect was mediated by a hormone called PPY that regulates hunger and the lack of it (satiety). The researchers believe that their findings would address concerns related with metabolism, and help with interventions on appetite management.
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