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Border tensions between India and China: the defense minister reveals major movements of Chinese forces

Indian Defense Minister Ragnath Singh said in an interview with CNN News 18 on Tuesday that “a large number” of Chinese forces had moved to the de facto control line between the two countries.

“It is true that the people of China are on the border. They claim it is their land. We claimed it was our region. There was disagreement over it … India did what it should do.” Singh said during the interview.

“We do not want any country to bow before us, nor will we bow to any country,” Singh added.

India and China share one of the world’s longest land borders. In 1962, the two countries engaged in a bloody border war in the Himalayas, and tensions continued to erupt there intermittently in the decades that followed.

Last month, violent skirmishes across the border between Chinese and Indian forces resulted in slight injuries to the troops. The incident has been followed in recent weeks by unconfirmed reports of tensions in the mountainous region, although neither side has publicly acknowledged anything out of the ordinary.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Legian told a press conference on June 1 that the situation on the border was “Stable and manageable.”

“The two sides can solve related issues through the existing mechanisms related to borders and diplomatic channels,” he said.

Zhao’s comments came one day after the state-run China National Times, a national newspaper, published an article reviewing a range of new military weapons, which could be published in “High altitude conflicts” Like the Himalayan borders.

“The Chinese Border Defense Forces have strengthened border control measures and taken the necessary steps in response to India’s latest illegal construction of defense facilities across the border to Chinese territory in the Gallowan Valley in May,” the article said.

Actual control line

In 1993, after years of regional confrontation and negotiations, China and India finally signed an agreement that attempted to define a long stretch of borders between the two countries.

These boundaries are known as The actual control line, But its precise location can be blurry, and China and India are still at odds over where one country ends and the other begins.

Former Indian Foreign Minister Nirupama Rao said on her official Twitter account that Delhi and Beijing could not even agree along the border between the two countries.

“The borders of India and China are 3,488 km (2,167 mi) … in the Chinese definition, the boundary between India and China is about 2,000 km (1,242 mi),” she said.

The issue was also covered by Chinese media.

“There is no line of effective control along the Sino-Indian border, which is recognized by both sides,” Global Times said in an article on May 25.

The last time that border tensions increased in 2017 was when forces massed on and around the Duclam Hill, a thin area A strip of land at the triple junction between India, China and Bhutan. Although not part of Indian territory, the area is close to the “chicken neck”, a strategic corridor that acts as a vital artery between Delhi and its remote northeastern states.
Bhutan accused China of building a road inside its territory, which Beijing denied. Then India stepped in to support Bhutan’s claims, Which led to months of confrontation, Which included live fire exercises by the People’s Liberation Army at the border.
Chinese and Indian soldiers engage in aggression ' Aggressive skirmish across borders

The United States supports India

On May 29, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo fought in the regional saga, expressing his concerns about the border dispute over the podcast.

“The Communist Party of China – the nature of the activities they are carrying out … Until today, the increasing Chinese forces have moved to northern India on the actual line of control there on the Indian border,” Pompeo said. “This is the type of actions that authoritarian regimes take and have a real impact.”

Meanwhile, US President Donald Trump said last month that the United States would be willing to mediate or arbitrate border disputes between India and China.

“We have informed both India and China that the United States is willing, willing and able to mediate or arbitrate their raging border dispute now. Thank you!” chirp.

Relations between the United States and China deteriorated rapidly during the coronavirus pandemic, as Beijing tried to tighten its grip on the semi-autonomous city of Hong Kong.

In response, the Chinese Foreign Ministry said it does not need “third party” interference on its border with India. But US officials continued to speak publicly about the situation.

On June 1, Eliot Engel, chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the US House of Representatives, said he was “very concerned” about the movements of Chinese forces. Along the actual control line.

“China is proving once again that it is ready to bully its neighbors instead of resolving disputes in accordance with international law,” he said in a statement.

“I strongly urge China to respect standards and use existing diplomacy and mechanisms to resolve border issues with India.”

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